Women’s Rights and Child Labor Laws


Julia Frances ‘Fanny’ Baker Ames (1840-1931)

This is why studying my ancestors can be so interesting. Often I find connections between events in the distant past that enrich my understanding of events today. This time the women’s rights and child labor law connections are between my great-great-grandmother Fanny Baker Ames and Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren.

Yesterday I wrote up a bio of Fanny because she is being featured in an exhibit for the Massachusetts State Police Museum. Fanny lived in Boston in the 1880s, when she was in her 40s. While her husband Charles Gordon Ames busied himself as the minister of the Church of Disciples Unitarian Church, Fanny served as the president of the Boston Equal Suffrage Association, held offices in the Massachusetts and New England Woman Suffrage Association for Good Government, served two terms on the Boston School Committee, and was one of the first women on the original Board of Trustees for Simmons College.

Most relevant to this blog post, on May 9, 1891, Fanny was one of the first two women hired as officers for the Massachusetts State Police. The other woman, Mary Ellen Healy, lived in Lawrence, Massachusetts. Fanny and Mary Ellen worked as factory inspectors to help enforce the new child labor laws. Men officers were each paid $1,500 per year. The women were each paid $1,000 per year, though the men and the women did the same job. Fanny worked for the police until 1897. But Mary Ellen stayed on for 37 years.

Then this morning (February 20, 2018), on BBCNews Online, I read about Elizabeth Warren officially launching in Lawrence, Massachusetts her campaign for the 2020 Democratic race. “Ahh, Lawrence,” I thought, curiosity piqued because, of course, I remembered learning yesterday about Mary Ellen of Lawrence. I related to this news article with a completely different perspective than if I had not written Fanny’s bio yesterday.

“The Massachusetts senator told the crowd of several thousand in Saturday’s blustery cold about Everett Mill. …. Back in 1912 [when Mary Ellen was still an inspector there], the textile factory was the scene of a labor strike for better pay and working conditions that expanded to include 20,000 workers, mostly women, in the then-bustling industrial town.

The west side of Everett Mills as viewed from Essex Street.

Everett Mills in Lawrence, Massachusetts. (Photo placed on Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository, by EMC)

“The movement that started in Lawrence, [Warren] explained, led to government-mandated minimum wage, union rights, weekends off, overtime pay and new safety laws across the US. The story of Lawrence is a story about how real change happens in America,” Ms. Warren said. “It’s a story about power  –  our power  –  when we fight together.”

I suspect Elizabeth Warren caused as many eyes to roll as I do when I talk about my ancestors, but wouldn’t Fanny have been happy to know that six of the ten Democratic candidates running so far for President in 2020 (400 years after Fanny’s ancestors Francis Cooke and Richard Warren stepped off the Mayflower) are women? Richard Warren may well be Elizabeth Warren’s ancestor, too. Six degrees!

Massachusetts militia entering Everett Mills in Lawrence, Massachusetts in 1912. Photo copyrighted by the Lawrence History Center.

Photo from the Lawrence History Center Exhibit: “Bread and Roses Strike of 1912: Two Months in Lawrence, Massachusetts, that Changed Labor History”

2 thoughts on “Women’s Rights and Child Labor Laws

  1. Hi Mary,

    How are you!?! I really enjoyed your connection with your ancestor and Elizabeth Warrens speech at the mill. I love Elizabeth Warren. Her message is fantastic, but I don’t think she will get the nomination. It’s so up in the air though, who knows!

    That’s nice that your ancestor is being recognized at the police exhibit. Will you be going to it? She really was a busy bee, and did great work!

    Thanks for your card. Your family looks to be thriving! Your new grandchild looks like a go-getter!

    Nothing is really new with me. LightHouse is driving me crazy. They really suck! I just don’t seem to have the desire to find another management company, as it seems to be all on me anyway.

    Teaching and playing are pretty much the same. There does seem to be not as much work all the way around for everyone. Though I shouldn’t complain too much, as free lance playing is a precarious business and I still am able to make a living doing it.

    My niece is getting married in May, in Pittsfield MA. My cousin Neal (who you met) will be attending. It will be nice to see him again, and also to hang with him at the wedding. He will be staying with my parents for a couple of days prior to the wedding.

    My Dad celebrated his 90th birthday in Feb., and in May my Mom will be 90 as well. They are still hanging in there!

    What rambling trips do you have planned for the future? I would be happy to join you for any of it should you like the company!


    On Wed, Feb 20, 2019 at 2:19 PM Rambling in Ramsey Blog wrote:

    > Mary Ames Mitchell posted: ” This is why studying my ancestors can be so > interesting. Often I find connections between events in the distant past > that enrich my understanding of events today. This time the women’s rights > and child labor law connections are between my great-great-gr” >

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